between lockdown and masks, what does the update provide

There fear of Covid-19 is now behind us, but what we experienced between 2019 and 2020 and especially in the following years, has left a clear mark, with that pandemic plan which had not been updated for years. An emergency plan that needed to be adjusted to be ready for the eventuality, but this was not the case.

And even if to date there is no real emergency looming, the center-right government has decided not to wait and not be caught unprepared by developing the new 2024-2028 pandemic plan.

New pandemic plan, the update arrives

The latest update to the pandemic plan, after the many controversies for the lack of it in the past, is that of 2021-2023, with technicians and experts who had inserted measures and guidelines to follow similar to what had been experienced in the emergency months Covid. And the new document, not surprisingly, does not differ much from that.

The update is practically ready it will be turned over to the Regions and it does not distance itself from its predecessor. In fact, when it comes to following lines of prevention and response to diseases, we do not engage in politics, but we rely on knowledge acquired over time in the field of prevention and response to infectious diseases. Reason why, also following the indications of international bodies such as the WHO itself, it only served touch up something to make it current.

The document contains over 200 pages addressing various aspects of fighting a new pandemic. The name chosen is that of “Strategic operational plan for preparation and response to a pandemic caused by respiratory pathogens with greater pandemic potential 2024-2028”.

But what does the updated plan contain? Different scenarios taken into consideration and different responses to be implemented. What is not indicated, however, are the resources to achieve it.

What the pandemic plan contains

As mentioned, the plan updated by the Ministry of Health contains the same measures. adopted during Covid, but with improvements aimed at not creating confusion or controversy as happened.

Regarding non-pharmacological interventions, it is explained that “for pandemics caused by a respiratory-transmitted pathogen, the population’s commitment to compliance with prevention measures contributes to the success of the emergency response” and the main interventions are the known ones.

Let’s go, come on diagnostic tests to the closure of non-essential work activities and schools, physical distancing which can range from 1-2 meters depending on the pathogen, thehand hygieneL’isolation and the limitation of gatherings. But also masks and the much hated, but fundamental in the Covid era, lockdown.

The contribution of the vaccines. In fact, the 200-page document states that “having a specific vaccine available for the pathogen responsible for a pandemic allows us to control and mitigate its impact, determining the severity of the disease and/or reducing transmission”. We talk about priority groups of citizens, logistical aspects, differences between vaccines. Regarding drugs, we remind you, among other things, to “have and maintain a national/regional reserve of antiviral drugs for influenza during the interpandemic phase”. The plan also talks about emergency procedures for authorizing the marketing of drugs and vaccines.

But unlike the past, the new plan also includes ideas for the duration of the measures. The ministry, in fact, wanted to show more flexibility.

“The isolation of entire communities, for example on a local basis, or the interruption of some social activities, such as in-person school, can constitute a means of limiting infections and consequently cases, but also the experience of COVID -19 has shown how it is difficult to sustain for long periods without consequences both on the well-being of the population and on economic sustainability” reports the document.