When we talk about a serious and life-threatening disease, the mind inevitably goes to cancer. Every step forward in the field of research is greeted with general positivity and, understandably, a sigh of relief.
The world of science reiterates as much as it can the importance of prevention. This is because it is now well known how much the impact of therapies and interventions changes in the case of tumor cells addressed in an initial phase.
The debate on tumors is one that never calms down. Like all topics of global interest, however, it also experiences sporadic peaks. One of these is represented by the news of cancer of King Charles III of England. The prostate is not involved, as might have been assumed after the recent surgery. Treatments have already begun and optimism is spreading from Buckingham Palace.
An illness identified in time thanks to other medical tests, which once again underlines how crucial prevention is. L’International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has released an interactive map, as well as a report on the spread of cancer on a global scale. Here are the ones that are most diagnosed in Italy (and not only) and, statistically, claim the most victims. Useful data to push citizens to take better care of their bodies.
Tumor diagnosis alert
It is said that the “evil of the century” is increasingly curable. This is true and many steps forward have been made. However, the alert remains very high, considering the general spread of tumor diseases and the little prevention carried out by the majority of subjects. Together with cardiovascular pathologies, cancer represents the leading cause of death in the world.
The IARC interactive map offers an alarming statistic, with a 30% increase in malignant neoplasms between 1973 and 2017. The numbers don’t lie and, despite the progress made, they remain devastating. In 2022 alone approximately 20 million new cancer diagnoses have been made. Given this, good 9.7 million people lost their lives for this disease.
In 2020, 19.3 million people were diagnosed with cancer cells circulating in the body. A statistic unfortunately destined to get worse. In fact, IARC expects 35 million new cases per year in 2050. A terrifying +77%, for which we would be totally unprepared.
Most common cancers in Italy
One would think what would be the point of knowing the most common cancers in Italy and around the world. The answer is linked to need to act promptly, welcoming prevention positively. Knowing certain statistics can offer an indication of what the first step will be for the individual citizen in diagnostic terms.
In 2023 in Italy the sad podium of the most identified tumors sees that at breast with 55,900 cases, followed by that at colorectalwith 50,500 cases, and finally the lung cancerwith 44 thousand cases.
Followed by prostate (41,000), bladder (29,700), stomach (15,000) and pancreas (14,800). A clear suggestion for men and women, called not to underestimate the passing of the years as well as any discomfort or growths. Furthermore, the area in which you live should also be taken into account. The reference obviously goes to the problem ofair pollutionalso linked to the spread of Covid-19 cases.
Added to the list of the most diagnosed tumors is that of the most deadly. In this case the data available refers to 2022: lung cancer (34,000), colorectal cancer (19,800), breast cancer (12,900), pancreatic cancer (12,100) and liver cancer (11,200).
Cancers in the world
The overall look, on a planetary level, obviously returns very different figures. The most commonly diagnosed neoplasm is lung cancer (2.5 million). Next is the breast cancer (2.3 million), with the colorectal cancer which completes the triptych (1.9 million). Followed by prostate cancer (1.5 million) and stomach cancer (970 thousand).
A look at the statistics provided also offers an interesting, if problematic, analysis of corporate differentiation on this front. Breast cancer is the one that receives the highest number of diagnoses in the highest number of countries, 82. This highlights greater awareness on the subject.
In second place we find prostate cancer, which has certainly triggered a great alarm in recent years. Yet the number of countries in this case collapses to 37. However, it is necessary to take into account not only a differentiation in the approach to the topic between men and women but also, and above all, on a social scale.
The level of education has a considerable weight on the front diagnosis sudden. A study of Journal of Public Health highlights how 25% of cancer deaths in our country are linked toabsence of adequate education.
Added to this is one differentiation on an income basis. There are notable inequalities in diagnoses and treatments. An alarm not only Italian but global, according to WHO numbers. In high-income countries, 1 in 12 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and 1 in 71 will lose their life to it. In low-income countries, 1 in 27 women will be diagnosed, but 1 in 48 will lose their lives.